GÁS NATURAL

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What is Natural Gas?

Energy source essentially composed by methane gas (>80%), which results from the decomposition of animal and plant organic matter over millions of years accumulated in natural deposits. After its extraction, the natural gas undergoes a cleaning treatment to remove impurities, before being introduced into the logistics chains to the final consumers, allowing it to be transported, compressed (high pressure) or as Liquefied Natural Gas (low pressure). It is a colourless gas, odourless and, if inhaled, it is not harmful to human health. For safety, natural gas is odorized before being distributed to final consumers.

What is Liquefied Natural Gas?

LNG results from the transformation of the gaseous phase into a liquid phase of natural gas, through a purification and cooling process to a temperature of approximately -160 ºC. This liquefaction process reduces the gas volume by about 600 times, allowing it to be transported safely and efficiently, even over long distances, as a cryogenic liquid.

What is natural gas for?

Natural gas technology, developed over more than 40 years, has made it possible to achieve a high degree of maturity and safety, as exemplified by its numerous applications, whether in the form of gas, regasified LNG or even compressed:

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Domestic services

Heating
Kitchen
Sanitary hot water

Industry

Electricity production
Food
Hotels
Manufacturing

Transports

Heavy vehicles
Light vehicles
Public transportation
Shipping
Waste collection vehicles

What benefits does Natural Gas bring?

Environment friendly

It is the fossil fuel with the lowest emission of pollutant gases and greenhouse effect allowing, compared to fuel oil, significant reductions in emissions of Carbon Dioxide (30%), Nitrogen Oxides (95%), Particulate Matter (97%) and Sulphur Oxides (100%).

Abundance

The world’s known reserves make it possible to meet today’s global energy demand and, in the medium to long term, even for customers with energy-intensive needs (e.g. heavy industry and shipping), which, together with the technological maturity achieved, makes natural gas an important alternative in the global energy transition.

Safety and interoperability

The equipments used in the natural gas logistics chains guarantee safety and interoperability, being subject to demanding international and national standards.

Economics

Natural gas is a competitively priced source of energy. It allows intensive use of equipments, with high levels of efficiency and lower maintenance costs compared to other fuels.

Supply to islands

Natural gas can be safely supplied to islands and is an economic alternative with investments and operating costs much lower than those required by LNG Terminals.

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Liquefied Natural Gas Demonstration

ANNUAL CONTRIBUTION OF THE LNG VIRTUAL PIPELINE, TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN MADEIRA ISLAND.

Reduction of
40.000TON
of CO2

Reduction of
1.800TON
of NOx

Reduction of
4.40TON
of SOx

Reduction of
22TON
of Particulate Matter

Indicative figures

WE PROMISE. WE DELIVER.

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